Esse is one of the most useful verbs you will come across, whether you intend to write/speak your own Latin or translate someone else’s. It is the equivalent of the French être and the Italian essere. Unlike most Latin verbs, esse can go anywhere in a sentence. You may say sum laetus (I am happy) or laetus sum (I am happy). Really, it’s up to you.
Here are the most basic forms (present tense indicative mood) of the Latin ‘esse’: